PET TALKS

Frequently Asked Questions From Our Clients
How long is a dog or cat in heat?

A dog’s heat cycle is 10-15 days in “standing” heat and 5-7 days breedable. Cats basically are in heat until they are bred. A cat does not go out of heat until breeding stimuli cause ovulation.

When do dogs or cats first go into heat?

Dogs and cats usually go into heat at six months of age.

What are heartworms?

Heartworms are parasites that reside in the right side of the heart.

How are heartworms transmitted?

Heartworms are transmitted by mosquitoes.

Why is the heartworm test recommended yearly, even for dogs on year-round preventive medicine?

The annual test is given in case the owner should miss giving preventive medicine for a month. Also we do not know if the pet vomited the medicine. In order to keep the manufacturer’s warranty valid, your pet must be tested yearly.

How can you tell how old a dog or cat is?

Approximate by looking at their teeth. Look for wear, tartar and number of teeth.

Can a nursing mother be spayed?

Yes.

At what age are puppies and kittens weaned?

Eight weeks

What causes tapeworms?

The pet eats the flea that carries the worm.

How frequently can a dog or cat be bathed or dipped?

This depends on the product and the age and condition of the pet.

Why is neutering recommended before a pet is six months old?

The anesthetic risk is somewhat greater as the pet gets older.

What are some of the advantages of spaying and neutering?

Spaying and neutering helps to prevent behavior problems, such as roaming and aggression, strengthening the bond between pet and owner. It also lowers the risks of breast, uterine or testicular cancer, which are very common in dogs.

What is the normal body temperature for dogs and cats?

It is 101.5 degrees Fahrenheit but may be slightly raised when they are nervous or excited.

Why is dental prophylaxis (teeth cleaning) recommended?

It is recommended to prevent bacterial odors and tooth loss. Severe tartar on the teeth can cause bacterial infection in the gums which, left untreated, can lead to internal organ problems and ultimately, premature death.

What are the practical differences between wet and dry food?

Wet food is higher in water content, more expensive and also messy. Dry food has more nutrition per volume. It is more economical, does not need to be refrigerated, and is better for your pet’s teeth. Premium diets are best, more economical and nutritionally complete.

What causes hairballs and how can they be prevented?

Pets get hairballs from cleaning their coats by licking. Prevent hairballs by giving your pet a laxative such as laxatone or petromalt.

What is the purpose of the cat’s “third eye”?

The third eyelid adds additional protection and lubrication of the eye.

What is leukemia?

Leukemia is a virus that causes a deficiency of the immune system which is almost always fatal.

How is leukemia transmitted?

Leukemia is transmitted through bodily fluids, including saliva, blood, and urine.

What is FIP?

Feline infectious peritonitis is a virus. The virus is almost always fatal.

Should a dog’s or cat’s nose be wet or dry?

It depends on the pet (learn more about Diet Guidelines)

What can a dog or cat be given as a snack or treat?

Dry biscuits or vitamins.

What is the best way to remove a tick?

Pull the tick off slowly with tweezers. Be careful to also pull the head out. Clean the area with antiseptic and dispose of the tick by flushing it down the drain.

At what age do you start vaccinating puppies and kittens?

Puppies and kittens should start their vaccinations at six to eight weeks of age. See the vaccines schedule.